「古代新研」網上講座系列(2021/10-2022/6)

浸大饒宗頤國學院一直致力於溝通東西方學術界,促進國學創新發展。本院很榮幸與俄羅斯科學院東方研究所(The Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences)展開合作,近日簽署五年科研合作協議,以加強雙方在教育、科研方面的交流與合作。

今年十月開始,雙方連同北京師範大學──香港浸會大學聯合國際學院將共同主辦一個主題為「古代新研」的網上講座系列,每月一場。主講者分別來自三所頂尖科研機構,以融合東西方研究優勢,展開高端、前沿的深度學術討論。歡迎參與國學院與俄羅斯科學院東方研究所簽署合作協議後的首個系列講座!

本講座系列無須報名。歡迎直接在Zoom網上平台參與,Zoom會議資料如下:

Zoom會議號碼:938 7710 9210
密碼:hkbujas

浸大學生如需聯通課程出席記錄,請於講座前在SLES網上報名。

講座詳情(北京時間):

2021/10/22星期五

16:00-17:30

殷人鳥崇拜與圖騰理論研究(普通話主講)
陳致教授(北師港浸大常務副校長、香港浸會大學饒宗頤國學院院長)

本文原刊於1998年《華裔學志》,原題為《殷人鳥崇拜研究》,後又翻譯成中文。我以經典文獻與考古、古文字資料相結合考察了殷人鳥崇拜是否屬於所謂圖騰信仰的問題,並且指出殷人的鳥崇拜事實上是針對猛禽類鳥的神性的崇拜,而且源於維多利亞時代的人類學的圖騰理論於此並不適用。而殷人的鳥崇拜不是某一特定的鳥,如燕子、烏鴉等,而是具有神性的鳥,想像中的鳳凰,實際形像即為各種鷙鳥。近年來考古發現的文物資料,更不斷地證明這一推斷。

2021/11/25星期四

16:00-17:30

條條大路自羅馬——隋至明朝基督教入華傳教的態勢與隱喻(英語主講)
杜寶芽博士(俄羅斯科學院東方研究所東方歷史系主任、助理教授)

This talk examines on the period from the 7th to the 17th century, when one could follow the complex sequence, interaction and interplay of four Christian denominations, whose representatives ended up in the territory of the Chinese Empire. We will trace the four different approaches of four different Christian denominations, entering China, starting from the pseudo-Nestorians (Luminous Religion / jingjiao), proceeding to Franciscan minorite monks, assessing Jesuit brothers approaches and analysing their discrepancies with both the Franciscans and the Dominikans. The presenter is going to give an overview of the theoretical basis of all the groups and show how they tried to interact with both the Chinese (Mongol and Manchu) authoririesm and local philosophical thought, as well as literati and laypeople. We will try to demonstrate that almost fourteen centuries of Christian preaching in China were not a continuous succession of missionaries arriving to labour in the Middle Kingdom. Most of the Christian missions were not in concert with each other either ideologically, organisationally, or historically — neither by preaching methods nor even by time of arrival. As history shows, the Great Pontiffs — with rare exceptions during the Rites Controversy — tried, as originally intended in their position in Ancient Rome, to build bridges between peoples and cultures. One hopes that over these bridges, which once allowed apostolic missions to make their way from Rome to countries of the East, Catholics from these countries of the East will soon find their way back to Rome.

2021/12

日期與時間待公佈

諸神之肉身——埃及—蘇丹東部沙漠四千載淘金史(英語主講)
Julien Cooper博士(北京師範大學,北師港浸大歷史文化研究中心講師)

The vision of gold in the popular imagination of Ancient Egypt is well-appreciated. From Tutankhamun’s death mask to gold-statues of deities, Egypt has a special relationship with the substance of gold – in their theological rhetoric, the very ‘flesh of the gods’. Accordingly, the scholarly and scientific study of gold objects, particularly jewellery, is well-developed. But despite this, very little is understood about the gold industry itself and the origins of gold in the deserts of Ancient Egypt and Sudan. This paper seeks to address a basic question: how did Egyptians, Nubians, and local nomads conduct gold mining in the desert? The overwhelming majority of Egypt’s gold wealth comes from distant mines away from the Nile river in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Sudan, a vast desert region inhabited by local nomadic groups and providing extremely difficult conditions for mining parties from Egypt and Nubia. Using both the textual record and recent data from surveys in the Eastern Desert, this presentation will assess the main historical phases of mining in the Eastern Desert, its politics of cooperation and conflict, as well as the nature of the expeditionary and institutional apparatus that fueled the gold-industry.

2022/1

日期與時間待公佈

從《竹書紀年》看前八世紀晉國的一場內亂——兼論《古本竹書紀年》之本質與「今本」的學術價值(英語主講)
夏含夷教授(芝加哥大學東亞語言文明系顧立雅伉儷早期中國研究傑出貢獻教授、香港浸會大學饒宗頤國學院咨詢委員)

Du Yu 杜預 (222-284) of the Western Jin dynasty was an eye-witness of the Zhushu jinian 竹書紀年 Bamboo Annals shortly after the bamboo-slips on which it was written were brought to the Jin capital in about 280. He provided the earliest description of the text’s contents, stating that the Eastern Zhou portion dealing with the state of Jin “began from Shangshu (784-781 BCE), and then proceeded through Wen Hou (780-746 BCE), Zhao Hou (745-740 BCE), until Zhuangbo of Quwo (730-716 BCE).” In this paper, I show that the tomb text was not arranged in this way at all, but rather began the Jin portion of the annals with Huanshu of Quwo (745-731 BCE), such that the Jin annals began with the reigns of the Quwo lords. Although the “Current” Bamboo Annals text for this period is dated in the years of the Zhou kings, Ping Wang (770-720 BCE) and Huan Wang (719-697 BCE), the records for Jin reflect the viewpoint of the Quwo lords, and thus presumably derive from the tomb text.

2022/2

日期與時間待公佈

青銅時代歐亞大陸的早期交流網絡——公元前兩千紀西伯利亞與中國考古文化的交流(英語主講)
顧曼莉博士(俄羅斯科學院東方研究所古代東方研究系初級研究員)

The II millennium BC marked a transition between the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic periods in East Asia. At the end of this millennium there appeared a civilization with sophisticated social and political structures, a highly developed writing system, and large-scale organized crafts, including bronze metallurgy. This remarkable progress was possible thanks to a mutual influence with other cultures. In my presentation I would like to discuss about these early exchanges and possible communication between North Asia and East Asia with particular focus on a few cultures: the Afanasievo culture (IV—III millennium BC), the Okunev culture (II millennium BC), the Seima-Turbino phenomenon (ca. 2300-1700 BC), the Sintashta-Petrovka culture (2050–1750 BCE) and the Karasuk culture (1500–800 BC).


2022/3

日期與時間待公佈

古代世界中的語言接觸、多語現象與國際通用語(英語主講)
Carlotta Viti 教授(北京師範大學,北師港浸大歷史文化研究中心教授)

This paper examines the development of language contact in the ancient word. Languages such as Latin and Hellenistic Greek, for example, can be considered as authentic global languages, especially in the Western and in the Eastern parts of the Ancient Mediterranean, respectively – with very different language policies. Besides, numerous other languages were spoken in these domains with widespread phenomena of language contact. Firstly, multilingualism is often attested between different languages, e.g. the bilingualism between Sumerian and Akkadian in the Fertile Crescent in the 3rd millennium BCE, or the linguistic league of Anatolia in the 2nd millennium BCE. Secondly, we may have different dialects of the same language, as can be seen in Archaic and Classical Greek. Thirdly, the very same language may show language variety and diglossia effects, as in the distinction of Eme-gir and Eme-Sal in Sumerian, the standard language and the women’s language. On the one hand, we will see how these linguistic phenomena may give us insights into the social and cultural traditions of ancient civilizations, which were much more heterogeneous than traditionally assumed. On the other, our analysis of multilingualism in antiquity can help us to solve some controversial questions about historical language contact.

2022/4

日期與時間待公佈

西夏妙韻——十二世紀《番漢合時掌中珠》所載的俗學與廟樂樂團(英語主講)
謝德照博士(俄羅斯科學院東方研究所中國研究系高級研究員)

Tangut-Chinese glossary “An opportune Pearl in the Palm of Tangut and Chinese Languages” (Mi źạ ngwu ndzi̯e mbu pi̯ạ ngu ni̯e; Fan han he-shi zhang-zhong zhu) compiled and published in 1190 by a Tangut scholar Kwәlde-ri̯ephu is a book of absolutely exceptional importance for studying of Tangut language and culture.
«Pearl» is much more than a bilingual glossary. As is clearly explained in the glossary’s preface, “Pearl” was compiled by Kwәlde-ri̯ephu as an attempt to make a clear and genuine mirror of Tangut culture, presented to foreigner in its very different manifestations. That’s maybe the most concentrated quinta essentia of Tangut world, which we still have to decipher, just like Tangut writing. So, every entry is very important and is chosen not just to make this glossary bigger – it was made on very considered purpose, even if sometimes we don’t know which exactly. Order of words is also important and should be analyzed.
We can try to see how it works on an example of musical instruments.
In the Glossary we can find a list of 15 musical instruments, forming a complete orchestra which was used by Tanguts on their feasts. This orchestra looks very close to court orchestras of Tang empire, many times depicted on the walls of Dunhuang caves, formed in the époque of a very powerful interference between China and Central Asia through the Silk Road, which survived only in Korea and Japan (Tagaku). Clearly in Tangut state this type of orchestra also survived much longer, then in China – may be Tangut were the last civilization of Silk Road region which conserved it.
Besides this purely secular orchestra we can find in the Pearl a list of 6 religious musical instruments, which, in clear difference with the first one, shows a strong impression of Tibet culture (strangely not so frequently seen in Tangut heritage in general).
In both cases Tangut terms shows in the same time a very high level of originality and deep absorption of many foreign instruments – good image of Tangut civilization, in the same time very genuine and very open to external influences.

2022/5

日期與時間待公佈

最早的中國夢(英語主講)
史亞當博士(香港浸會大學饒宗頤國學院副院長)

This lecture shall evaluate dreams of the royal family recorded in Shāng divination inscriptions. Through a typology, with annotation, based on the dreamer, images occurring in their dreams, and action taken as a result, I shall discuss the affect of fear and the importance of how ambition was constantly being defined by memory and powered by overcoming despair.

2022/6

日期與時間待公佈

上古中國帝國形成期的人口遷徙研究(英語主講)
馬碩博士(海德堡大學漢學系助理教授)

In ancient China as elsewhere, states did not simply occupy a given territory but actively engaged in the production of spaces by transforming landscapes, moving populations, and enacting territorial hierarchies. In the case of the early Chinese empires of Qin (221–207 BCE) and Han (202 BCE–220 CE), state-incentivized migration and settlement were the key instruments of military control, administrative incorporation, economic intensification, fiscal expansion, and other processes that instructed spatial distribution of the state power.
This talk utilizes transmitted texts, excavated documents, and archaeological evidence to explore the economic conditions and effects of migration and settlement in the early Chinese empires. While recognizing fundamental technological limitations on the organized relocation of large groups of people under premodern conditions, I argue that imperial human geographies were instructed by the natural and man-made environments in which they developed, thus depending heavily on the effects of state-sponsored migrations upon the broader flows of people, goods, and information.


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